Manufacturing jobs are on the rebound—but not where you probably think
Article By: Claire Bushey (Crain’s Chicago Business)
Photo By: Stephan J. Serio
September 23, 2017—LINCOLNSHIRE, IL— CEO Jim Fitzgerald says “curb appeal” partly drew his company to Lake County, and there’s no question contract manufacturer Flexan has lots in common with the neighbors.
Started in 1946 by three brothers who made rubber sanding pads for Sears, Flexan generates more than $50 million annually making silicone components for medical devices like pacemakers and defibrillators. It employs some 740 workers spread among facilities in Chicago, Utah, China, Elk Grove Village and its new Lincolnshire plant, which became Flexan’s headquarters in April. The company will close the Elk Grove Village factory in Cook County next year.
“Lake County was an easy choice for us because of the number of medical device companies that are currently headquartered there, as well as our ability to recruit technical talent,” Fitzgerald says.
A strong market for the wares of those device-makers is why, when statewide manufacturing employment clocks in at 16 percent lower than its prerecession high, Lake has recovered to within 1 percent of the 51,700 workers the industry employed there in 2008. Will County, busting at the seams, has done even better: Last year manufacturing employment surpassed the high it hit in 2008 by 3 percent. The industry employed almost 22,000 in the county in 2017’s first quarter, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
That sets Lake and Will apart from Cook and the remaining collar counties, where manufacturing employs far fewer workers than it did in 2006. There were roughly 186,000 workers in manufacturing in Cook County in 2016, nearly a quarter fewer than a decade earlier. McHenry, with a smaller base, saw a drop of 26 percent to 14,500. In DuPage, which boasts the largest labor pool after Cook, factory sector employment dropped 9 percent to 54,400, while in Kane the headcount is down 8 percent.
At a time when President Donald Trump touts manufacturing as the key to creating middle-class jobs, the statistics illustrate how deeply it matters not just whether a region or municipality makes goods, but what it makes. Peoria County, former hometown to heavy-equipment maker Caterpillar, lost 40 percent of its manufacturing jobs between 2006 and 2016 as the company’s sales followed commodity prices south.
Lake County, on the other hand, is not solely medical equipment, but that’s one of the largest clusters, says Kevin Considine, CEO of economic development firm Lake County Partners. The largest is pharmaceuticals. Drugmakers Abbott, AbbVie and Baxter are headquartered there, with AbbVie operating a factory in North Chicago while Baxter has one in Round Lake making products “from penicillin to pre-filled IV bags.” Though the recession certainly touched the county, he says, “we’re very fortunate to be deep in sectors that weathered that well.”
The Chicago metro area is following the nationwide downturn in manufacturing jobs, says Michael Jasso, chief of the Cook County Bureau of Economic Development. For a century, Cook County has been the regional industry center, but that means “a larger predominance of older and . . . less resilient industries,” like steelmaking, metal fabrication and machine manufacturing.
Manufacturing probably won’t employ as many workers in the future as it has in the past, Jasso says. But the industry will continue to create jobs further down the supply chain. In fact, researchers in Illinois found that 21 percent of workers displaced from manufacturing moved into transportation and logistics, more than any other sector.cturing probably won’t employ as many workers in the future as it has in the past, Jasso says. But the industry will continue to create jobs further down the supply chain. In fact, researchers in Illinois found that 21 percent of workers displaced from manufacturing moved into transportation and logistics, more than any other sector.